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strcspn

Returns the length of the initial segment of subject which does not contain any of the characters in mask.

If start and length are omitted, then all of subject will be examined. If they are included, then the effect will be the same as callingstrcspn(substr($subject, $start, $length), $mask) (see substr for more information). Test strcspn online.

int strcspn ( string $subject , string $mask [, int $start [, int $length ]] )

PHP Documentation by the PHP Documentation Group

strcspn

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

strcspnFind length of initial segment not matching mask

Description

strcspn ( string $subject , string $mask [, int $start [, int $length ]] ) : int

Returns the length of the initial segment of subject which does not contain any of the characters in mask.

If start and length are omitted, then all of subject will be examined. If they are included, then the effect will be the same as calling strcspn(substr($subject, $start, $length), $mask) (see substr for more information).

Parameters

subject

The string to examine.

mask

The string containing every disallowed character.

start

The position in subject to start searching.

If start is given and is non-negative, then strcspn() will begin examining subject at the start'th position. For instance, in the string 'abcdef', the character at position 0 is 'a', the character at position 2 is 'c', and so forth.

If start is given and is negative, then strcspn() will begin examining subject at the start'th position from the end of subject.

length

The length of the segment from subject to examine.

If length is given and is non-negative, then subject will be examined for length characters after the starting position.

If length is given and is negative, then subject will be examined from the starting position up to length characters from the end of subject.

Return Values

Returns the length of the initial segment of subject which consists entirely of characters not in mask.

Note:

When a start parameter is set, the returned length is counted starting from this position, not from the beginning of subject.

Examples

Example #1 strcspn() example

<?php
$a 
strcspn('abcd',  'apple');
$b strcspn('abcd',  'banana');
$c strcspn('hello''l');
$d strcspn('hello''world');
$e strcspn('abcdhelloabcd''abcd', -9);
$f strcspn('abcdhelloabcd''abcd', -9, -5);

var_dump($a);
var_dump($b);
var_dump($c);
var_dump($d);
var_dump($e);
var_dump($f);
?>

The above example will output:

int(0)
int(0)
int(2)
int(2)
int(5)
int(4)

Notes

Note: This function is binary-safe.

See Also

  • strspn() - Finds the length of the initial segment of a string consisting entirely of characters contained within a given mask

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