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strspn

Finds the length of the initial segment of subject that contains only characters from mask. If start and length are omitted, then all of subject will be examined. If they are included, then the effect will be the same as callingstrspn(substr($subject, $start, $length), $mask) (see substr for more information). Test strspn online.

int strspn ( string $subject , string $mask [, int $start [, int $length ]] )

PHP Documentation by the PHP Documentation Group

strspn

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

strspn Finds the length of the initial segment of a string consisting entirely of characters contained within a given mask

Description

strspn ( string $string , string $characters , int $offset = 0 , int|null $length = null ) : int

Finds the length of the initial segment of string that contains only characters from characters.

If offset and length are omitted, then all of string will be examined. If they are included, then the effect will be the same as calling strspn(substr($subject, $start, $length), $mask) (see substr for more information).

The line of code:

<?php
$var 
strspn("42 is the answer to the 128th question.""1234567890");
?>
will assign 2 to $var, because the string "42" is the initial segment of string that consists only of characters contained within "1234567890".

Parameters

string

The string to examine.

characters

The list of allowable characters.

offset

The position in string to start searching.

If offset is given and is non-negative, then strspn() will begin examining string at the offset'th position. For instance, in the string 'abcdef', the character at position 0 is 'a', the character at position 2 is 'c', and so forth.

If offset is given and is negative, then strspn() will begin examining string at the offset'th position from the end of string.

length

The length of the segment from string to examine.

If length is given and is non-negative, then string will be examined for length characters after the starting position.

If length is given and is negative, then string will be examined from the starting position up to length characters from the end of string.

Return Values

Returns the length of the initial segment of string which consists entirely of characters in characters.

Note:

When a offset parameter is set, the returned length is counted starting from this position, not from the beginning of string.

Changelog

Version Description
8.0.0 length is nullable now.

Examples

Example #1 strspn() example

<?php
// subject does not start with any characters from mask
var_dump(strspn("foo""o"));

// examine two characters from subject starting at offset 1
var_dump(strspn("foo""o"12));

// examine one character from subject starting at offset 1
var_dump(strspn("foo""o"11));
?>

The above example will output:

int(0)
int(2)
int(1)

Notes

Note: This function is binary-safe.

See Also

  • strcspn() - Find length of initial segment not matching mask

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